Alcohol Use in Older Adults

Alcohol can act differently in older people than in younger people. As we get older, it takes longer for our bodies to break down alcohol.

In addition, the amount of muscle in our body gradually goes down and the amount of fat in our body gradually goes up as we age. This causes our vital organs, such as the brain and heart, to be exposed to more toxic effects of alcohol.

These are some reasons why people can feel the effects of alcohol longer without increasing the amount they drink. This can increase the risk for having accidents when drinking alcohol, like falling or getting in a car crash.

Health Impacts Over Time

Drinking too much alcohol over a long time can also affect your health in the following ways:

Alcohol and Medicines

Many medicines can be dangerous or even deadly when mixed with alcohol. This includes prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines, and herbal remedies. Many older people take medicines every day and might be more likely to take a medicine that interacts with alcohol.

Before taking any medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist if you can safely drink alcohol while taking your medicine.

Here are some examples of problems caused by mixing alcohol with some medicines:

Drinking Limits for Alcohol

We recommend that healthy adults over age 65 should have no more than 7 drinks in a week and no more than 3 drinks in one day.

The recommended limit is based on the following amounts of alcohol in a drink.

alcohol drink servings

When Drinking Becomes a Problem

Some people have been heavy drinkers for many years. But over time, the same amount of alcohol packs a more powerful punch.

Other people develop a drinking problem later in life. This can be a result of major life changes such as the death of a loved one, moving to a new home, or health issues. These kinds of changes can cause loneliness, boredom, anxiety, or depression. In fact, depression in older adults often goes along with drinking too much.

If you feel like you need a drink to make it through the day or drink more than the recommended amount, you may have problems with alcohol. Talk to a family member, friend, caregiver, or your doctor for help.

How You Can Stay Healthy

There are many things you can do to cut back or stop drinking. You can:

Take time to plan ahead. Here are some things you can do to help cut back or avoid drinking:

Be aware of how your body changes as you age. Understand these changes and adjust how much alcohol you can safely drink. This will help keep you healthy and safe as you enjoy life to the fullest.

Getting Help

If you want to stop drinking, there is help. Start by talking to your doctor. He or she may be able to give you advice about treatment. Here are some things you can try:

For More Information

Request a copy of the free booklet Older Adults and Alcohol: You Can Get Help from the National Institutes of Health. This booklet offers help for older adults thinking about their drinking and includes information for family, friends, and caregivers.

Information adapted from the National Institute on Aging AgePage: Alcohol Use In Older People, National Institutes of Health.

Clinical review by Paula Lozano, MD
Group Health
Reviewed 03/01/2014
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