Insulin Chart

This chart shows the most common types of insulin available in the United States. The generic name is listed first, followed by the brand name.

 

Insulin Type Properties Eli Lilly Manufacturer Novo Nordisk Manufacturer Aventis Manufacturer
Mealtime:
Very fast-acting; insulin analog
Begins to act: 5-15 minutes
Peaks: 90 minutes
Lasts: 3-4 hours
lispro (Humalog)
Preferably not mixed with other insulin in same syringe.
aspart (Novolog)
Preferably not mixed with other insulin in same syringe.
glulisine (Apidra)
Preferably not mixed with other insulin in same syringe.
Mealtime:
Regular action
Begins to act: 30-60 minutes
Peaks: 2-3 hours
Lasts: 4-6 hours
regular (Humulin R)
May be mixed with NPH but action time is significantly changed.
regular (Novolin R)
May be mixed with NPH but action time is significantly changed.
N/A
Longer-lasting:
Intermediate action; background insulin
Begins to act: 2-3 hours
Peaks: 6-8 hours
Lasts: 10-16 hours
NPH (Humulin N)
Regular insulin with neutral protamine added to prolong action.
NPH (Novolin N)
Regular insulin with neutral protamine added to prolong action.
N/A
Longer-lasting:
Intermediate action; background insulin
Begins to act: 1-2 hours
Peaks: 2-3 hours (mild)
Lasts: 14-24 hours
N/A detemir (Levemir)
Preferably not mixed with other insulin in same syringe.
glargine (Lantus)
Preferably not mixed with other insulin in same syringe.

Clinical review by Sara Forrester, PharmD, MS
Group Health
Reviewed 06/12/2015