Migraine Headache Triggers
migraine headaches are different for each
person. Triggers include changes in daily routine, foods, hormones,
medicines, lights, odors, or other things in the environment.
common migraine triggers are:1
- Stress (either during a stressful time
or right after stress subsides).
- Menstrual cycle
- Changes in your routine, such as how much you
exercise or how much you sleep.
- Fasting or skipping
- Changes in the weather, heat, or high
- Bright lights, glare, or reflected sunlight.
- Foods, such as chocolate.
- Alcohol—all alcohol, or one type of alcohol in particular, like
beer or wine.
- Odors such as perfume, paint, dust, and certain flowers.
Other migraine triggers include:
- Strong emotions, such as
- Pushing yourself too hard when you exercise.
- Monosodium glutamate
- Nitrates, which are found in cured meats such as hot dogs,
bacon, and cold cuts.
- Tyramines, which are found in pickled or
marinated foods, aged cheeses, and yeast.
- Smoking or being around
someone who smokes.
- Excessive caffeine or caffeine
- Birth control pills and hormone
- Medicines that expand (dilate) the
blood vessels (vasodilators), such as nifedipine, and nitrates.
- Overuse of headache pain medicines, leading
- Headaches: Should I Take Medicine to Prevent Migraines?
- Migraine Headaches
Evans RW (2003). Migraine. In Saunders Manual of Neurologic Practice, chap. 11, pp. 421–430. Philadelphia:
|By: ||Healthwise Staff ||Last Revised: June 10, 2011|
|Medical Review: ||Anne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine|
Colin Chalk, MD, CM, FRCPC - Neurology
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