The seriousness of a burn is determined by:
- The depth of the burn (first-, second-, third-,
- First-degree burns are burns of the first layer of skin
- Second-degree burns. There are two types of second-degree burns:
- Superficial partial-thickness burns
injure the first and second layers of skin.
- Deep partial-thickness
burns injure deeper skin layers.
- Third-degree burns (full-thickness
burns) injure all the skin layers and tissue under the skin. These burns always require medical
- Fourth-degree burns extend through the skin to injure muscle,
tendons, nerves, blood vessels, and bones. These burns
always require medical treatment.
- The size of the burn.
- The cause
(thermal, electrical, chemical, radiation, or friction).
- The part
of the body where the burn occurred.
- The age and
health of the burn victim.
What to think about
It is important to watch for
signs of infection during the healing of any
Burns and Electric Shock