Not all forms of cancer or cancer treatment cause pain. If pain
occurs, many treatments are available to relieve it. If your doctor has given you instructions or medicines to treat pain, be sure to
follow them. Home treatment may help to reduce pain and improve your physical
and mental well-being. Be sure to discuss with your doctor any home treatment you may use.
For more information, see the topic Cancer Pain.
Medicine you can buy without a prescription
| Try an over-the-counter medicine to help
treat your fever or pain:
Acetaminophen, such as Tylenol
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) (these also reduce swelling):
- Ibuprofen, such as Advil or
- Naproxen, such as Aleve or Naprosyn
Aspirin, such as Bayer or
| Be sure to follow these safety tips
when you use an over-the-counter medicine:
- Carefully read and follow all directions
on the medicine bottle and box.
- Do not use more than the
- Do not take a medicine if you have had an
allergic reaction to it in the past.
you have been told to avoid a medicine, call your doctor before you take
- If you are or could be pregnant, call your doctor before you
take any medicine.
Do not give aspirin to anyone younger than age 20 unless your doctor tells you to.
Other home treatments for pain include:
Heat and cold packs, to relieve painful
areas of the body. Do not use heat or cold on skin that is tender from radiation treatment.
Distraction, which can help you focus your attention on something other than pain. Distraction also can be useful whenever you are waiting for pain medicines to start working.
- Stretching and range-of-motion exercises, to
maintain strength, flexibility, and mobility.
- Simple touch or gentle massage may help. But avoid getting a massage where you have any visible tumors, open wounds, skin that is tender from radiation, or areas with deep vein thrombosis. If you are caring for someone else who has pain, you may be able to help them relax by:
- Holding the person's hand. Or gently rubbing their shoulders.
- Rubbing the person's feet with warmed lotion.
- Giving him or her a 3-minute back rub using smooth, long, gentle strokes along both sides of the spine.
You may wish to try one of the alternative therapies listed below. Be
sure to talk with your doctor about which therapies might be best
for you. Some of these treatments require a specialist (like acupuncture). But you can learn to do others by yourself (such as relaxation techniques). For more information, see the topic Complementary Medicine.
Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.
Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition.
- Cancer: Controlling Cancer Pain
- Cancer: Controlling Nausea and Vomiting From Chemotherapy
- Stress Management: Doing Progressive Muscle Relaxation
Cancer: Controlling Cancer Pain
Cancer: Controlling Nausea and Vomiting From Chemotherapy