If you are younger than 40 and have no known risk factors for glaucoma, the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) recommends that you have a complete eye exam every 5 to 10 years. This includes tests that check for
glaucoma.1 The AAO suggests more frequent routine eye exams as you age.
The AAO also suggests that people who are at risk for glaucoma have complete eye exams according to the schedule below:
- Ages 40 to 54, every 1 to 3 years
- Ages 55 to 64, every 1 to 2 years
- Ages 65 and older, every 6 to 12 months
Your eye doctor may advise you to have eye exams more often, depending on your level of risk and your overall eye health.
People at increased risk for glaucoma include those who:2
- Are middle-aged and older. The chance of getting glaucoma gets higher as you age, especially after age 40.
- Have a
family history of glaucoma.
- Have high eye pressure (high intraocular pressure).
- Are African
- Are East Asians and people with East Asian ancestry (for
farsighted (greater risk for developing closed-angle
- Have had an eye injury or eye surgery, such as
- Have high blood pressure (hypertension).
- Have been taking
Because people with glaucoma may have normal pressures in
their eyes, measuring
eye pressure (tonometry)
should not be used as the only test for glaucoma. It needs to be combined with
other tests before glaucoma can be diagnosed.
After reviewing all of the research, the U.S. Preventive
Services Task Force
(USPSTF) has not recommended for or against routine glaucoma
screening for all adults.3
information about glaucoma and vision screening, see the topics Glaucoma and Vision Tests.
Health Screening: Finding Health Problems Early
American Academy of Ophthalmology (2010). Comprehensive Adult Medical Eye Evaluation (Preferred Practice Pattern). San Francisco: American Academy of Ophthalmology. Available online: http://one.aao.org/CE/PracticeGuidelines/PPP_Content.aspx?cid=64e9df91-dd10-4317-8142-6a87eee7f517.
American Academy of Ophthalmology (2010). Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma Suspect (Preferred Practice Pattern). San Francisco. American Academy of Ophthalmology. Also available online: http://aao.org/ppp.
U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (2013). Screening for glaucoma. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/uspsglau.htm. Accessed November 26, 2013.
Other Works Consulted