The most common sleep disorders include problems falling asleep or
staying asleep (insomnia) and snoring. Other less common sleep disorders
- Sleep apnea, in which a person regularly stops
breathing during sleep for 10 seconds or longer (apneic episodes). Sleep apnea
usually is caused by blockage (obstruction) in the nose or mouth (upper
airway). The blockage may be caused by defects of the nose, larger-than-average
soft tissues in the throat, or enlarged tonsils and
- Abnormal decrease in the depth and rate of breathing
- Narcolepsy, which causes sudden sleep attacks and may
occur during any type of activity at any time of day.
which cause undesirable physical activities during sleep involving physical
activity, nervous system changes (such as breathing, heart rate, blood
pressure, and sweating), or both. While "asleep," a person with parasomnia may
walk, scream, rearrange furniture, eat odd foods, or wield a weapon.
- Restless legs syndrome (nocturnal myoclonus), a condition that
produces an intense, uncomfortable, and often irresistible urge to move the
William H. Blahd, Jr., MD, FACEP - Emergency Medicine
November 27, 2012
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