Testicular cancer is the most common cancer in men 15 to 35
years old. Testicular cancer is more common in white men than in black
The causes of testicular cancer are not completely
understood. But the following conditions increase the risk of
- Undescended testicle. Men with
undescended testicles have the highest risk for developing testicular cancer.
More study is needed to determine how much, if any, the risk decreases after
surgical correction and whether age at the time of surgery is a significant
- Abnormal testicular development.
- Klinefelter syndrome.
- Previous diagnosis
of testicular cancer.
The main symptom of testicular cancer is swelling or a
painless lump in the scrotum (in or on a testicle). Other symptoms include a
dull ache in the belly or pelvis, pain or a feeling of heaviness in the
testicles, and fluid collection (edema) in the scrotum.
cancer is treated with a combination of surgery,
radiation therapy. The exact treatment depends on the
type and extent of the testicular cancer. Most forms of testicular cancer are
curable when detected early.
E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
Christopher G. Wood, MD, FACS - Urology, Oncology
January 4, 2013
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