Eye Problems, Noninjury
Eye Problems, Noninjury
Take good care of your eyes to prevent
- Injuries from
ultraviolet (UV) light can be prevented by wearing
sunglasses that block UV rays and by wearing broad-brimmed hats. Be aware that
the eye can be injured from sun glare during boating, sunbathing, or skiing. Use
eye protection while you are under tanning lamps or using tanning booths. There
is no proof that laser pointers cause eye injury.
- Wear goggles or
protective glasses when you are handling chemicals, operating power tools,
hammering nails, or playing sports that involve a risk of a blow to the eye,
such as racquetball or hockey.
- Wear goggles or protective glasses
at all times if you have only one functional eye.
- Be a good example
to your children by wearing goggles or protective glasses when needed at work
- Get periodic vision checkups.
- If you wear contact lenses, take good care of them.
See caring for contact lenses.
- Keep your
blood pressure under control. High blood pressure can damage the blood vessels
that supply blood to the eye.
People who have diabetes are at risk for a vision problem
diabetic retinopathy, which is a complication of
having high blood sugar over a long time. People who have diabetes need regular
eye exams so that the early stages of diabetic retinopathy can be detected and
in some cases treated. They also need to keep their blood sugar levels as close
to normal as possible to prevent blood vessel damage from long-term high blood
It is important to protect your children's vision. Regular
eye exams identify problems early, and corrective measures can be taken.
Watching a lot of television, playing video games, or frequent computer use can
decrease your child's natural blink reflex, which can cause dry, red, and
irritated eyes. Most vision problems are noticed first by the parents. See
tips for spotting eye problems in your child.
For tips on how to prevent eye infections, see the topic
For tips on how to prevent eye
injuries, see the topic
William H. Blahd, Jr., MD, FACEP - Emergency Medicine
H. Michael O'Connor, MD - Emergency Medicine
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