If your doctor thinks that you may have diabetes, he or she will order blood tests to measure how much sugar is in your blood. The tests used are blood glucose tests and hemoglobin A1c.
To make a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes, your doctor will use your blood test results and the American Diabetes Association (ADA) criteria. He or she will also ask you questions about your medical history and do a physical exam for type 2 diabetes.
Tests to monitor your health
You'll need to see your doctor every 3 to 6 months. At each visit you'll:
- Check your blood sugar levels since your last visit and review your target range.
- Check your blood pressure and start or adjust treatment if
your blood pressure is high. Nerve and blood vessel damage can result from high blood pressure, leading to heart problems and strokes. For more information, see the topic High Blood Pressure.
- Have a hemoglobin A1c test. This blood test shows how steady your blood
sugar levels have been over time.
See a list of
tests to monitor type 2 diabetes to help you remember what to do and when.
Review your progress regularly
Regular visits and checkups with your doctor are also a good time to:
- Review your meal plan.
- Review your physical activity.
- Review your mental health.
- Review your blood sugar records.
- Review your medicines.
These visits are also a good time to talk with your doctor about how you're feeling. It's normal to feel frustrated or overwhelmed with all there is to do. If you're having trouble coping, your doctor can help.
Tests to do every year
Eye exams during pregnancy
If you get
pregnant, you will need to have an
eye exam sometime during the
first 3 months. You'll also need close follow-up
during your pregnancy and for 1 year after you
have your baby. Pregnancy increases your risk for diabetic retinopathy.1 If you already have eye disease and
get pregnant, the disease can quickly get