Lung cancer can start anywhere in the lungs and may affect any
part of the
respiratory system . This can cause breathing or heart problems, such as:
- Pleural effusion, which is the buildup of fluid
between the outer lining of the lungs and the chest wall. This is a common
condition with lung cancer.
- Coughing up large amounts of bloody sputum.
- Collapse of a lung (pneumothorax).
- Blockage of the airway (bronchial obstruction).
- Recurrent infections, such as
- Pericardial effusion, which is the buildup of fluid in
the space between the heart and the sac around the heart (pericardium). This
condition is not common with lung cancer.
As lung cancer grows, it may spread (metastasize) to other
parts of the body. Lung cancer is classified in
stages, which describe how far the cancer has grown and spread.
long-term outcome (prognosis) for lung cancer depends
on how much the cancer has grown and spread.
E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
Michael Seth Rabin, MD - Medical Oncology
September 12, 2012
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