Stress incontinence is caused by conditions that stretch the pelvic floor muscles , such as:
When these muscles can't support your bladder well, the bladder
drops down and pushes against the vagina . Then you can't tighten the muscles that
usually close off the
urethra. So urine may leak because of the extra
pressure on the bladder when you cough, sneeze, laugh, exercise, or do other
This is the most common type of urinary incontinence in women.
A chronic cough from smoking can make
stress incontinence worse.
Urge incontinence is caused when the bladder muscle involuntarily
contracts and pushes urine out of the bladder. Many times doctors don't know what causes this. But sometimes the cause is:
- Irritation of
- Emotional stress.
- Brain conditions such as
Parkinson's disease or
Overactive bladder is a kind of urge incontinence.
But not everyone with overactive bladder leaks urine. For more information, see
Other types of incontinence
Less common types of urinary incontinence have other causes. These types