abnormal Pap tests are caused by
Other types of
infection—such as those caused by bacteria, yeast, or protozoa
(Trichomonas)—sometimes lead to minor changes on a Pap
test called atypical squamous cells.
Natural cell changes that may happen during and after menopause can also cause an abnormal Pap test.
What increases your risk of having an abnormal test result?
Certain sexual behaviors—such as having sex without condoms and having more
than one sex partner—increase your risk of getting an HPV infection. And an HPV infection raises your risk for having abnormal test results.
things that may also play a role in increasing your risk include:
- Having an
impaired immune system.
- Having been exposed to
the drug DES while your mother was pregnant with you, though this is
If you have had one abnormal Pap test result, you're more likely to have another in the future.