Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes
type 1 diabetes usually develop quickly, over a few
days to weeks, and are caused by high blood sugar. At first, symptoms may be overlooked or mistaken for another illness, like the flu.
High blood sugar symptoms include:
- Urinating a lot, which may be more noticeable at night. The kidneys are trying to get rid of
the excess sugar in the blood. To do that, they have to get rid of more
water. More water means more urine.
- Being very thirsty. This happens if you urinate so often that you lose enough water to become dehydrated.
- Losing weight without trying. This happens because you are dehydrated. Weight loss
may also happen if you are losing all of those sugar calories in your urine
instead of using them.
- Increased hunger. You feel hungry because your body isn't using
all the calories that it can. Many of them leave your body in your urine instead.
- Blurry vision. When sugar builds up in the
lens of your eye, it sucks extra water into your eye. This changes the
shape of the lens and blurs your vision.
- Feeling very tired. You feel tired for the same reason you feel hungry. Your
body isn't using the calories you are eating, and your body isn't getting the
energy it needs.
See more about symptoms of high blood sugar.
Diabetic ketoacidosis symptoms
Symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis are:
- Flushed, hot, dry skin.
- Loss of
appetite, belly pain, and vomiting.
- A strong, fruity breath
- Rapid, deep breathing.
- Restlessness, drowsiness,
difficulty waking up, confusion, or coma. Young children may lack interest in
their normal activities.
Low blood sugar
Common symptoms of low blood sugar include:
can pass out when your blood sugar gets very low.
See more about symptoms of low blood sugar.
If you aren't able to tell when your blood sugar is too low (hypoglycemic unawareness), it's a good idea to test your blood sugar often.
Risk factors for high and low blood sugar
- Age. Teens are at great risk for high blood sugar, which can lead to
diabetic ketoacidosis. Teens are often concerned about
their weight and body image, and they may skip insulin injections to lose
- Tight blood sugar control. Tight control of blood sugar helps prevent complications, such
as eye, kidney, heart, blood vessel, and nerve disease. But it does put you at
risk for frequent low blood sugar levels.
- Adolescence. The rapid growth spurts and changing
hormone levels of adolescence can make it difficult to
keep blood sugar levels within your target range. Your target range is the blood sugar goal
you set with your doctor.
- Psychiatric conditions.
panic disorder, and addiction to alcohol or drugs
increase the risk of frequent high and low blood sugar levels.
Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine
Matthew I. Kim, MD - Endocrinology
September 11, 2012
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