An endometrial biopsy is usually done by a
family medicine physician, or a
nurse practitioner who has been trained to do the
test. The sample will be looked at by a
pathologist. The biopsy can be done in your doctor's
You will need to take off your clothes below the waist. You will
be given a covering to drape around your waist. You will then lie on your back
on an examination table with your feet raised and supported by foot rests
Your doctor will insert a lubricated tool called a speculum into your vagina. The speculum gently spreads apart the vaginal
walls so your doctor can see inside the vagina and the cervix. See a picture of
a pelvic examination with a speculum . The cervix is washed with a special
solution and may be grasped and held in place with a clamp called a tenaculum.
Your cervix may be numbed with a spray or injection of
The tool to collect the sample is guided through the cervix into
uterus. The tool may be moved up and down to collect
the sample. Most women have some cramping during the biopsy.
An endometrial biopsy takes 5 to 15 minutes.