Head lice are easily spread among children because kids commonly share hats, combs, and other items. If you or your child has head lice, you can help prevent others from getting it if you avoid head-to-head (hair-to-hair) contact during activities inside the home and outside the home.
Also, don't share clothing, bedding, hair brushes and accessories, pillows, stuffed animals, or towels. Frequently examining the scalps of your school-age children may help you
discover and treat lice before they spread to the rest of your family. Avoiding
prolonged close contact with a person who has lice will also reduce your
Pubic lice are spread primarily among people who have
many sex partners. Reducing the number of sex partners you have may help reduce
your risk of getting pubic lice.
Body lice may be
prevented by bathing regularly and changing clothes daily. Body lice live on
clothing, not on the body. Washing clothing in hot water [130°F (54.44°C) or higher] will usually kill
adult lice and prevent eggs from hatching. Body lice that are on the skin
usually go away on their own with daily bathing and wearing clothes that are
not contaminated. Medicines to kill body lice are usually not needed.
To help control the spread of lice, you can also clean combs, brushes, clothing, and other personal items to kill lice and their eggs.