Ophthalmoscopy (also called fundoscopy) is a test that allows a doctor to
see inside the back of the eye (called the fundus) and other structures using a
magnifying instrument (ophthalmoscope) and a light source. It is done as part
of an eye exam and may be done as part of a routine physical exam.
The fundus contains a lining of nerve cells (the
retina), which detects images seen by the clear, outer
covering of the eye (cornea). The
fundus also contains blood vessels and the
There are two types of ophthalmoscopy.
- Direct ophthalmoscopy. Your doctor uses an
instrument about the size of a small flashlight with several lenses that can
magnify up to about 15 times.
- Indirect ophthalmoscopy. Your doctor uses a small handheld lens and either a slit lamp microscope or a light attached to a headband. Indirect ophthalmoscopy provides a wider view of
the inside of the eye and allows a better view of the fundus even if the lens
is clouded by
Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
Christopher J. Rudnisky, MD, MPH, FRCSC - Ophthalmology
January 9, 2013
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