About 1 out of 1,000 children have
juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). There are several types of juvenile idiopathic arthritis, with most types being more common in girls.1
The types of JIA affect
children at the following rates:1
Up to 60 out of 100 children with JIA have
oligoarticular arthritis. Of these 60 children, 20 to 30 of them have symptoms in more than four joints after the first 6 months, so they are said to have extended oligoarticular JIA. The rest of these children continue to
have less than four joints affected over time. This is called persistent oligoarticular JIA.
About 30 out of 100 children with JIA have
RF-negative polyarticular JIA. This means they have polyarticular symptoms without an antibody called rheumatoid factor in their blood.
Fewer than 10 out of 100 children with JIA have RF-positive polyarticular JIA. This means they have polyarticular symptoms and also have rheumatoid factor in their blood.
About 10 out of 100 children with JIA have
About 10 out of 100 children have a form of arthritis called enthesitis-related JIA.
Fewer than 10 out of 100 have psoriatic JIA.
A few children are said to have unclassified JIA. This means that their symptoms and past health do not exactly match any of the other types of JIA.
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis can occur at higher rates among
certain ethnic groups and in some geographic areas. Environmental and genetic
factors are thought to be responsible, though research has not yet confirmed
Nistala K, et al. (2009). Juvenile idiopathic arthritis. In
GS Firestein et al., eds., Kelley's Textbook of Rheumatology, 8th ed., vol. 2, pp. 1657–1675. Philadelphia: Saunders
Warren RW, et al. (2005). Juvenile idiopathic
arthritis (Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis). In WJ Koopman, LW Moreland, eds.,
Arthritis and Allied Conditions, 15th ed., vol. 1, pp.
1277–1300. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
ByHealthwise Staff Primary Medical ReviewerSusan C. Kim, MD - Pediatrics Specialist Medical ReviewerJohn Pope, MD - Pediatrics
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