Medicine is used to treat some
food allergies. Medicines to treat a severe allergic
reaction or an
anaphylactic reaction are packaged in a prescribed
For mild allergic
reactions, people often try nonprescription medicines first. You can try
prescription medicines if over-the-counter medicines fail to control allergy
symptoms or if they cause drowsiness or other bothersome side effects.
Medicines used to treat a severe
allergic reaction include:
Epinephrine is given as a shot. It acts quickly to stop the further release of
histamine and to relax the muscles that help you breathe.
- Antihistamines. Antihistamines block the action of
histamine during an allergic reaction and help improve symptoms such as itching
- Corticosteroids. These medicines help
Medicines used to relieve mild
food allergy symptoms include:
- Antihistamines and corticosteroids for hives,
gastrointestinal symptoms, or sneezing and a runny nose.
- Bronchodilators for
asthma symptoms. Bronchodilators relax the airways of
the lungs, making it easier to breathe.
Sarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine
Rohit K Katial, MD - Allergy and Immunology
March 9, 2011
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