If you have recently injured your knee,
follow these first-aid steps to reduce pain and swelling:
- Rest and reduce activity. Avoid motions or
positions that cause discomfort. Depending on your injury and pain, your doctor
may recommend crutches and a brace.
- Put ice or a cold pack on your knee for 10 to 20 minutes at a time. Try to do this every 1 to 2 hours for the next 3 days (when you are awake) or until the swelling goes down. Put a thin cloth between the ice and your skin.
- Elevate your knee higher than your heart.
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as
ibuprofen or naproxen to relieve pain and reduce swelling.
- Follow your doctor's instructions for
rest and rehabilitation of your knee.
If the tear is minor and your symptoms go away, your doctor
may recommend a set of exercises to build up your quadriceps and hamstring
muscles and increase your flexibility. It's important to follow your
doctor's guidance to avoid a new or repeat injury.
Your recovery time after surgery will depend on many things, including the injury and the type of surgery you have.
William H. Blahd, Jr., MD, FACEP - Emergency Medicine
Patrick J. McMahon, MD - Orthopedic Surgery
September 10, 2012
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