What Increases Your Risk
Some things can increase your chances of getting non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). These things are called risk factors. But many people who get non-Hodgkin's lymphoma don't have any of these risk factors. And some people who have risk factors don't get the disease.
Risk factors include:2
- Being male. NHL is more common in men than
- Age. The likelihood of getting NHL
increases as you get older.
- Impaired immune system. NHL is most common among those who have an
impaired immune system, an autoimmune disease, or HIV
or AIDS. It also occurs among those who take immunosuppressant medicines, such
as medicines following an organ transplant.
- Viral infection. A
viral infection, such as
Epstein-Barr virus, increases the risk of developing
- Bacterial infection. Infection with
Helicobacter pylori increases the risk of lymphoma
involving the stomach.
- Environmental exposure. Exposure to agricultural pesticides or fertilizers, solvents, and other chemicals may increase the
risk of developing NHL.
Anne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine
Douglas A. Stewart, MD - Medical Oncology
March 29, 2012
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