Seizure medicines are drugs that
are used to treat seizures. Seizure medicines are also used to prevent
migraine headaches. And they may be used to help
tension headaches in some people. There is not good
evidence for their use in preventing tension headaches, but your doctor may
think that one of these medicines will help you if you have chronic tension
(for example, Neurontin)
(for example, Topamax)
(for example, Depakene)
Side effects of topiramate can include:
prickling or tingling sensation in the hands and
Loss of appetite and weight
Inability to concentrate or speak
Gabapentin is a well-tolerated drug that usually
causes only mild side effects. These often go away within 1 to 2 weeks and
Side effects of valproate can include:
Headache pain that is different than
pain from a migraine headache.
Do not use valproate if you are pregnant, breast-feeding, or planning to get pregnant. If you need to use this medicine, talk to your doctor about how you can prevent pregnancy.
Women who use topiramate during pregnancy have a slightly higher chance of having a baby with birth defects. If you are pregnant or planning to get pregnant, you and your doctor must weigh the risks of using this medicine against the risks of not treating your condition.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued a warning
on seizure medicines and the risk of suicide and suicidal thoughts. The FDA
does not recommend that people stop using these medicines. Instead, people who
take seizure medicine should be watched closely for
warning signs of suicide. People who take seizure
medicine and who are worried about this side effect should talk to a
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.