Prostate cancer is a common cancer affecting older
men. About 16 out of 100 men in the United States will get prostate cancer, but only 3 will die because of it. That means about 97 out of 100 men will die of something other than prostate cancer.1
It usually is a very
slow-growing cancer that takes years to grow large enough to cause any
symptoms. In some men, it never does cause problems. Sometimes, though, it
grows quickly and may cause complications or death.
cancer grows large enough, it begins to fill the prostate and often can be felt
by your doctor during a
digital rectal exam. As it continues to grow, it
breaks through the outer rim of the prostate and into nearby tissues, such as
seminal vesicles. At this point, the disease is called
locally advanced prostate cancer.
Locally advanced prostate cancer is usually not curable. But there are treatments that can help you live longer and feel better. Most men live up to 5 years after this diagnosis, but some men may
cancer has broken through the prostate, it may move into nearby lymph nodes.
From the lymph node system, the cancer can spread to other areas of the body.
Most often, prostate cancer spreads to the bones. It also may spread to the
lungs or other organs. When it has spread to the
lymph nodes , the disease is called metastatic prostate cancer.
Metastatic prostate cancer is not curable. But a
number of treatments are available to help you live longer and make you feel
better. Most men live 1 to 3 years after this diagnosis, but some men may
live many years longer.2