Low blood sugar, also called
hypoglycemia, occurs when the sugar (glucose) level in the blood of a person
diabetes drops below what the body needs to function
normally. Taking too much insulin, not eating enough food or skipping meals, or
exercising more than usual can cause blood sugar levels to drop rapidly.
If your child's blood sugar level drops very low and he or she does not
get help, your child could have a
seizure or go into a coma and possibly die.
These four simple steps might save your child's life:
Test your child's blood sugar as suggested by his or her doctor
so that you do not have to guess when your child's blood sugar is
Be alert to the early signs of low blood sugar: sweating,
shakiness, hunger, blurred vision, and dizziness.
Have your child
keep some hard candy, raisins, or other foods that contain sugar with him or
her at all times. Your child should eat some at the first sign of low blood
Teach all of your child's caregivers what to do if your
child's blood sugar is very low.
How do you deal with low blood sugar?
sugar levels can develop rapidly, within minutes. Treat low blood sugar
symptoms as soon as you notice them.
Here are some ways to manage
a low blood sugar emergency.
quick-sugar food with your child at all times.
These foods include glucose tablets, fruit juice, and raisins.
symptoms of low blood sugar. Post these symptoms where
the list can be seen often, and have your child carry a copy at all times. Add
any symptoms that your child has that aren't on the list. Symptoms of low blood sugar include sweating, blurred vision, and confusion.
child wear medical identification, such as a
medical alert bracelet or a medical alert temporary tattoo, in case your child's blood sugar drops very low and he
or she needs help.
glucagon on hand. If your child becomes unconscious
when his or her blood sugar is very low, someone may need to give your child an
injection of glucagon to raise the blood sugar level. Keep the instructions for
how to give glucagon with your child's glucagon. Also, check the expiration
date on the glucagon—most glucagon kits need to be replaced every 6
months to a year.
Teach your child's caregivers how to check blood sugar.
Have instructions for using the blood sugar meter stored with the meter so the
caregiver can review the instructions if needed.
Check your child's blood sugar level if you think it may be low, even if
you don't see any symptoms. Follow the steps for treating low blood sugar when your child develops symptoms of low blood sugar or when your child's blood sugar is below his or her target range.
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.