Exams and Tests
testicular cancer is suspected, your doctor will do some testing. Tests may include:
- Testicular ultrasound. This test may be
used to rule out other possible causes of an enlarged or painful testicle
before the testicle is removed.
- Blood tests. These are often done to measure the levels of these tumor markers in your blood:
- Imaging tests, such as
chest X-ray and
CT scan of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis.
If the ultrasound and blood tests suggest testicular cancer, a doctor will surgically remove your affected testicle. It will be checked for cancer. If cancer is found, you may have other tests, such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRIs, to find out the stage of your cancer.
Ongoing exams and tests
treatment for testicular cancer, your doctor will schedule a thorough follow-up
program to monitor your recovery, especially if you are doing
surveillance. These exams and tests may continue for several years. In addition to physical exams, your follow-up program may include:
- Periodic imaging tests such as chest X-rays or
- Blood tests to check the levels of tumor markers in your blood.
Tumor marker levels that are stable or that increase after you've had treatment
may be a sign of more cancer.
Testicular self-exam may help detect testicular cancer. These cancers may be first found as a painless lump or an enlarged testicle during a self-exam.
Some doctors recommend that men ages 15 to 40 perform monthly testicular self-exams (TSE). But many doctors don't believe that monthly TSE is needed for men who are at average
risk for testicular cancer. Monthly TSE may be recommended for men who are at
high risk for this kind of cancer. This includes men who have a history of an
undescended testicle or a family or personal history of testicular
E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
Christopher G. Wood, MD, FACS - Urology, Oncology
January 4, 2013
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