Acromegaly is a hormonal disorder in which the pituitary gland
produces too much growth hormone. This disorder causes abnormal enlargement of
bones and tissues, noticeably in the hands and feet, which occurs gradually
over several years.
Enlarged bones in the nose and mouth may cause a large tongue and
widely spaced teeth and may lead to sleep apnea. Bone and cartilage growth may
lead to arthritis. People with acromegaly can also develop diabetes, high blood
pressure, and other problems.
The excess production of growth hormone usually is caused by a
tumor of the pituitary gland. Acromegaly is usually treated with medicine,
surgery, or radiation treatment to the tumor.