Total parenteral nutrition (TPN) gives a person liquid
nutrition (such as protein, carbohydrates, and fats) through a tube (catheter)
that is inserted into a vein. In a newborn, the tube may be inserted into the
umbilical cord artery.
TPN places nutrients needed for growth and
tissue repair directly into the blood, bypassing the digestive tract
A person's blood sugar and blood chemicals (such as
electrolytes) are monitored while he or she receives this type of