Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is surgery that
removes some tissue from inside the prostate gland. It is done to treat
prostate enlargement (called benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH).
A doctor inserts a special instrument through the urethra to
remove part of the inside of the prostate. The procedure is done under
TURP is not as common as it was in the past. Medicines are now available
that are very effective for relieving symptoms of prostate enlargement. Most
men who have an enlarged prostate do not need surgery.