Mania is a persistently elevated, irritable, or elated mood. Mania
occurs in some mood disorders, such as bipolar disorder. It also can result
from diseases, such as hyperthyroidism, or develop as a side effect of some
medicines, such as steroids or antidepressants.
Other characteristics of mania include:
Inflated self-esteem or unrealistic feelings of
Decreased need for sleep.
Racing thoughts or being easily distracted by
An increased focus on reaching job or personal
Involvement in irresponsible activities that might have
dangerous consequences, such as engaging in increased sexual activity, making
foolish business deals, or spending large sums of money.
Mania is usually treated with professional counseling and
medicines, such as mood stabilizers. If mania is caused by a reaction to a
medicine, it usually goes away when the person stops taking the medicine.