Courtesy of Intermountain Medical Imaging, Boise,
A cystourethrogram is an X-ray test that takes
pictures of your bladder and urethra while your bladder is full and while you
are urinating. A liquid called contrast material is injected into your bladder
through your urethra. The urethra is the tube that carries urine from the
bladder to the outside of the body. The contrast material shows up on X-rays as
a dark spot.
This test may be used to check how well your bladder
works or to find the cause of problems with your urinary tract (kidneys,
ureters, bladder, and urethra). Normally, urine is made in the kidneys and
travels down the ureters to the bladder where it is stored. When the bladder is
full, urine is passes out of the body through the urethra.
1 shows an X-ray of contrast material abnormally flowing from the bladder up
the ureter (vesicoureteral reflux). Figure 2 is a later X-ray showing more
ByHealthwise Staff Primary Medical ReviewerE. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine Specialist Medical ReviewerAvery L. Seifert, MD - Urology