is a surgical procedure to look at the inside of the upper chest between and in
front of the lungs (mediastinum).
During a mediastinoscopy, a small
cut (incision) is made in the neck just above the breastbone or on the left
side of the chest next to the breastbone. Then a thin scope (mediastinoscope)
is inserted through the opening. A tissue sample (biopsy) can be collected
through the mediastinoscope and then examined under a microscope for lung
problems, such as infection, inflammation, or cancer.
ByHealthwise Staff Primary Medical ReviewerAdam Husney, MD - Family Medicine Specialist Medical ReviewerRobert L. Cowie, MB, FCP(SA), MD, MSc, MFOM - Pulmonology