Infertility: Problems With Ovulation

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Topic Overview

It can be hard to find out the cause of ovulation problems. Possible causes may include:

  • Hormone imbalances. Most women with ovulation problems have hormone imbalances. An example of a condition that causes a hormone imbalance is polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) . Other ovulation problems can start in the ovaries or in the pituitary gland and hypothalamus . (They produce hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle .) These hormones are vital to normal ovulation.
  • Structural problems. Problems in the structure of the ovaries (such as ovarian cysts ) or other reproductive organs can cause changes in a woman's ovulation schedule.
  • General medical problems. Problems that affect the metabolism (such as thyroid problems) can affect a woman's ovulation schedule. So can serious illness, emotional stress, overweight and low weight, and getting too much exercise.
  • Cancer treatment. Exposure to certain kinds of chemotherapy or radiation can damage the egg supply in the ovaries.

Related Information

Credits

ByHealthwise Staff
Primary Medical Reviewer Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer Femi Olatunbosun, MB, FRCSC - Obstetrics and Gynecology

Current as ofJune 4, 2014