Insulin is a
hormone produced in the
pancreas. It lets sugar (glucose) enter body cells,
where it is used for energy. It also helps the body store extra sugar in muscle
and liver cells. The stored sugar can be released later and used for energy
Insulin for injection comes in small glass bottles,
or vials, and in cartridges. Both are sealed with a rubber lid. One vial or
cartridge contains many doses. To remove a dose of insulin from:
- A vial: Use an
insulin syringe . The syringe is also used to inject the insulin.
- A cartridge: Use a pen-shaped device called an
insulin pen. The cartridge fits inside the pen and the dose of insulin is set
with a dial on the outside of the pen. The pen is used to give the insulin.
Some insulin pens work with premixed insulin cartridges, such as Humulin 70/30, NovoLog Mix 70/30, and Humalog Mix 50/50.
To give an insulin injection, the needle is inserted
through the skin. The medicine is pushed from the syringe into fatty tissue
just below the skin. Insulin usually is injected into the abdomen, upper arm,
buttocks, or thigh.
Your child may need to take two types of
insulin at the same time. Because most types of insulin that are prescribed to
be taken at the same time can be mixed together, you can give both doses in the
Test Your Knowledge
Insulin is a hormone made by the
To withdraw a single dose of insulin from a vial, I
need to use a syringe.
To give an injection of insulin, the needle of the
syringe is inserted into the skin and the medicine is pushed into the fatty
tissue just under the skin.
Continue to Why does my child need insulin?
Return to Diabetes in Children: Giving Insulin Shots to a Child